Browsing articles tagged with "Marine Garbage Patches Archives - DirtyAmmo"
Jul 31, 2014
Julia

Marine Garbage Patches Compared

The Canadian government recommended designating June 8 as World Oceans Day at the Earth Top in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Ever since, although there is small amount worldwide government recognition of the date, lots of organizations worried about saving the marine environment have actually continued to make use of the day to promote the need to bring back the health of the oceans.

There are several ways in which the health of the world’s oceans is being damaged. Three key concerns stand out.

Even More Info….

Acidification– the oceans take in co2 from the atmosphere. As those co2 levels have actually increased the pH of ocean has actually changed and lots of ocean species, such as corals are being impacted.

Overfishing– The problem of overfishing has actually reached a level whereby some fish species could end up being extinct. More worrying is the truth that hardly any is understood about the populaces of numerous fish species.

Plastics and Other Debris– The notorious North Pacific Gyre, where tons of plastic float in a big mass, has actually been nicknamed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. In addition to the danger of marine animals such as sea turtles and seabirds ingesting or ending up being entangled in the debris, hazardous chemicals seep into the ocean from the disintegrating plastic.

Drifting plastic debris and marine contamination are gathering in patches throughout the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Called the Great Pacific Garbage Dump and the North Atlantic Garbage Patch, debris from marine dumping is choking birds and other marine animals, in addition to entering our food cycle. Breaking down remains of sea birds and other marine life found along the sands of beaches disclose an accumulation of plastics and other pollutants in their tummies that could have contributed to their deaths.

There are some simple ways to be a part of a worldwide effort to recover the health of the world’s oceans.

Minimizing Carbon Footprints– Use World Ocean Day as a beginning point for a continuous effort to reduce energy consumption, such as leaving the vehicle at home and altering to even more energy reliable lights such as the new long-term LED bulbs.

Decrease Use of and Recycle Plastics– Using less plastic products and recycling those that are used to assist in several ways. It lowers the energy utilized in making those items and it minimizes the chance of any even more plastics making their means into the world’s oceans.

A fantastic part of the issue is that there are a lot of plastic products being made from non-recyclable plastics. Compounding this problem is that presently just a small percentage of all recyclable plastic products are really being reused.

Celebrations like Earth Day and World Oceans Day work as suggestions of the have to increase efforts to lower the impact people have on the planet. They must likewise be days to really celebrate the presence of the earth and its oceans.

Jun 12, 2014
Julia

Smart Advice About Marine Garbage Patches?

Our oceans are the source of most of the earths oxygen and are an essential part of our global ecosystem. The waste we develop from our plastic addiction is actually threatening our oceans. According to the Californians Against Waste (CAW), ‘In a few of the most contaminated areas of the Pacific, plastic has already surpassed plankton by a factor of six!’.

According to a recent short article in the San Francisco Chronicle there is a ‘a heap of debris floating in the Pacific that’s two times the size of Texas.’ This continent sized particles heap has been labelled the Great Pacific Garbage Patch by marine biologists. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is included actually millions of points of garbage – the majority of it plastic. In 2006 the United Nations Environment Program approximated that in each square mile of ocean you can discover 46,000 pieces of floating plastic. It is literally the world’s largest landfill, and it is drifting in the Pacific ocean.

Just When You Thought You Had Heard It All…

How does the plastic bag you took hours from the supermarket end up in the Pacific ocean? As much as 90 % of the plastic discovered in our oceans regretfully comes from city runoff.

While a growing number of waste collects, more is being developed. In the past 20 years plastic production has actually doubled and is still continuing to expand. With plastic products offering makers a life expectancy of 1,000 years unless customers react to this issue, it will just grow.

The throwaway culture is expanding. Where prior to it was primarily a western (and common American) way of life, the expansion of plastic items has discovered its way into the culture of up-and-coming economies like China and India. So even though we are attempting to ‘cut down’ on our usage and waste of plastic items, the truth is that there are more plastic items being produced now than ever before. And as production increases, so does that amount of plastics that find their method into our oceans.

The complete consequences of our cultures use of single use plastics could not be understood for several years. In those years it is extremely possible that plastic production will remain to increase and even more contaminates will enter our oceans, our food cycle, and our lives. I do not act to understand the responses. I just wish to assist others to become more mindful.

The quantity of plastic found in our oceans is having a profound result on lots of different animals. Some biologists approximate that millions of birds and other marine species have simply died from starvation or some sort of poisoning after erroneously ingesting plastic when searching for food. Our diminishing sea turtle populace is at extreme threat.

This is due to the fact that sea birds, turtles, whales and other animals that depend on the oceans for their food are ingesting drifting plastic, often by mishap and at other times due to the fact that it is mistaken for jellyfish and squid or other types of victim.

According to the United Nations Environment Program we are facing exactly what some could consider an impossible issue, they specify that in ‘some locations, huge pieces can be collected, but it’s merely not possible to completely clean a section of ocean that periods the location of a continent and extends 100 feet below the surface area.’.

While plastic can be reused its not a cut and dry procedure. Reusing petrochemical resins or plastics is both a complicated and pricey process. When plastic is recycled post-consumer they are normally’ downcycled.’ When a plastic food container is downcycled it is recycled, but it will never ever certify as food grade plastic once more. Each time the plastic is downcycled some level of value is lost. If any item needs downcycling it ought to not be considered a sustainable alternative.

Any recycling alternative is better the creating waste. According to SIGG, ‘Over 100 million plastic water bottles are disposed into America’s landfills– every day!’ By the end of each year we reach a marvelous total amount of nearly 40 billion plastic bottles. If each piece of plastic takes 1,000 years to the rate, not nodules, it appears we are producing waste as a difficult to keep rate. To compound the concern these numbers represent ‘water bottles’ which are simply a part of our bigger plastic addiction.

Unlike many other products, plastic does not biodegrade – instead it photodegrades. As plastic nodules it breaks down into smaller and smaller sized pieces of plastic instead of splitting into easier compounds. With so much plastic in our ocean the smidgens of plastic produced through photodegradation are called mermaid splits or nurdles.

The problems with lots of plastic products are that while it is a versatile material, it does break down by being exposed to sunshine into smaller sized and smaller pieces. It takes years for the plastic gradually break down into ever smaller pieces which floats just under the surface.

As the plastic breaks down into smaller pieces, it is consumed by marine animals, plankton, fish and birds who mistake it as food.

It’s these small fragments that are consumed initially by filter feeders in the ocean, then gradually work their method up the food cycle as they are eaten by bigger animals.

With the impressive quantities of plastic waste found not only in our oceans but likewise our landfills, it should not be surprising that chemicals are slowing working their way through the food chain and into foods typical food in our human diet plans. The CAW states, ‘Nearly all people carry in our body chemicals present in plastics– raising alarming questions about the role plastics play in human wellness and diseases such as cancer and autism.’.

However, practical plastics are, however typical, they have become it’s time for us to take a look at the effect they are carrying our environment and our health. With even more sustainable options such as glass already offered isn’t really it time we treated ourselves of our plastic addiction.

Jun 12, 2014
Julia

Real Marine Garbage Patches

If you are still taking home your new purchases in single-use polyethylene plastic bags, it’s time to reevaluate your practice – and develop a new one.

While the United States Environmental Protection Agency says that the common plastic shopping bag take less energy to make, deliver and recycle than the standard paper bag, an environmental catastrophe is afoot. Those exact same plastic bags are made from an element that is practically indestructible. The bags could no longer serve a beneficial function because of splits and rips – and are tossed out or deserted by the millions across the globe every year – the plastic itself continues.

Say ‘no’ to plastic treat bags, baggies and sandwich bags – Cloth napkins, wax paper or reusable sandwich bags and boxes can be utilized in place of their plastic equivalents.

Current Marine Garbage Patches News:

The issue is that polyethylene – the polymer that makes up plastic – never ever dies. It may break into smaller pieces, right to the individual polyethylene molecules, however, it merely does not completely degrade.

and, to add to that…

Dr. Anthony Andrady, a research, researcher and author of Plastics in the Environment, said, ‘Except for a percentage that’s been blazed, every bit of plastic made worldwide for the last fifty years approximately still continues to be. It’s somewhere in the environment.’ This does not simply suggest plastic bags – it means every bit of plastic that you’ve purchased and gotten rid of, from the clear wrap on your meat purchase to the plastic spout on your juice carton to the bubble wrap on that new piece of electronics.

Marine Garbage Patches Conundrum

In 1862, plastic was toasted as a advanced and useful development at the London World’s Fair. Over the years, however, our view concerning plastic has gone through an acute modification. It is now thought to be a major contaminant thanks to its strength, it requires centuries to efficiently decay plastic. The plastic garbage deposited in our landfills or floating in the planet’s oceans, will be there long after our time is gone.

Environ, a company from Washington D.C., in the United States, recently revealed a new setup that’s supposed to transform plastic trash into some kind of a fuel base. If this succeeds, it could emerge to be the trick to address the world’s plastic pollution ordeal. With this application, it will become useful for from to quarry dump sites and the oceans for plastic to fulfill the manufacturing plants’ continuous demand for more fuel and energy.

This is where the trouble ends up being serious. We’ve been producing artificial plastic polymers for about half a century. In that time period, our estimated total manufacturing has now gone beyond 1 billion loads.

The word ‘plastic’ got in the contemporary lexicon in 1909. It was originally coined to describe Bakelite, the very first fully artificial resin. The unique aspect of ‘plastic’ was that when warmed it can be formed, but it maintained its shape when cooled. This home was extremely desirable for all sorts of industries – and plastic started on the road to ending up being a pervasive and common part of our lives.

The modern-day plastic bag was not possible up until the unexpected discovery of the first industrially useful technique of polyethylene synthesis in 1933. From 1933 to today, the uses and manufacture of polyethylene have actually grown exponentially. As much as 4 per cent of the world’s petroleum may be converted into ethylene – the raw material of any plastic bag, from the bag you receive from the grocers to the bag your dry cleaning can be found in.

Plastic bags ended up being the bag of option for shoppers starting in the early 80’s, as huge grocery store chains Safeway and Kroger started to offer them. The oft-heard concern, ‘Paper or plastic’ was the beginning of a sea modification in how customers would lug home their purchases. Economics was behind the efforts of companies to convert customers to plastic – it driven by the fact that cheap oil made cheap plastic. The layer plastic bags were more affordable to ship, store and manage. So, while the environmental groups pushed for us to stop making use of so much paper, the plastic bag industry quietly entered the breach.

It’s been less than 30 years since the introduction of the plastic bag. Specialists estimate that our existing use of plastic bags is 500 million to 1 trillion annually.

While it’s not just bags that cause troubles, they are perhaps the most evident of our plastic garbage. We even jokingly describe them as urban tumbleweeds, after the familiar sight of a plastic bag, caught by the wind and toppling end over end down the street.

Say ‘no’ to plastic grocery bags – Plastic bags are a leading source of ocean garbage. When purchasing groceries, purchase and BYOB (bring your own reusable luggage bags).

Say ‘no’ to plastic treat bags, baggies and sandwich bags – Cloth napkins, wax paper or reusable sandwich bags and boxes can be used in place of their plastic equivalents.

One of these regions is the Pacific Gyre. The Gyre is created by a mix of massive wind and ocean currents that develop an immense, swirling formation of air and ocean. The gyre successfully traps what lands within it – which is one reason that ancient sea mariners avoided them. They were hard to get from.

The Pacific Gyre has now received the informal name of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Some quotes have the amount of drifting debris – most of which is plastic – as 100 million heaps.

At issue is that this debris eliminates wildlife of all kinds, with extra unknown results on the environment.

Plastic on the surface of the ocean ‘photodegrades’, leaving plastic molecules suspended in the water to be fed upon by tiny sea life. Bigger plastic pieces are typically consumed by sea birds and turtles, killing them with slow-moving starvation or clog of their digestive tracts.

The existence of the Pacific Garbage Patch was forecasted in 1988 by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. By 2009, it is a grim reality that is twice the size of Texas.

No trouble, you say. We’ll find a way to break it down and properly deteriorate it so that our environment will certainly not be overwhelmed. Well, the bad news is that science has actually attempted, and to date, mostly failed.

Dr. Android is aware of studies that tried to learn how long it will certainly take polyethylene to biodegrade by incubating a sample in a live bacteria culture. He reports that after one complete year, less than one per cent of the initial sample had been abject. Andrady says that this isn’t excellent news: the bacteria only broke the most quickly disturbed connections between the polymer chains, and that implies that all the plastic was still there. It was simply in smaller sized pieces.

Nevertheless, in 2008 there was another experiment carried out by a Canadian student that verified nature might still have a technique up her sleeve. Daniel Burd, a teen from Waterloo, uncovered a combination of microorganisms that can break down plastic bags. With the right germs and the best conditions, Burd achieved a 43 per cent decrease in a piece of plastic bag in a 6 week duration. We are yet to know if this has an application in the real world or if this process will only work in the lab.

It isn’t really always the response to large scale plastic pollution in the oceans. There, we still have a huge cleanup on our hands.

When you go shopping, carry your own reusable bags. Your best bet is reusable cloth bags: while reusing paper bags is better than taking that plastic bag at the checkout, paper bags are commonly made from newly cut trees. Appearance for bags made from recycled paper if you are going to use paper.

Take home your produce without taking that extra clear plastic bag to hold it. That’s how our grandparents did it. A lot of produce will travel securely without the extra bag.

Compose to your local politician as well as your federal reps. These people have to comprehend the concerns and take action to move industry in new directions. While plastic makers might whine about constraints or policy, human ingenuity will be promoted by a legislative environment that favors our environment. Without that type of push, industry will certainly tend to continue in the course of least resistance.

Get local. There’s no better way to prevent plastic than to buy food that has actually never seen plastic. The farmers’ market is a great place to both support your local farmer and get fresh, healthy food without plastic.

The other thing they do right here, is decreasing packaging tremendously by having fresh produce covered in waxed paper as you get it. This chooses fish, meat, cold cuts and cheese. I reckon every country ought to handle this policy.

Waxed paper is a far better choice for food – the best is soy-based wax, which is totally renewable. I just recently found that wax paper uses paraffin. Paraffin is another petroleum product.

People absolutely need to wean themselves of our reliance on oil. The majority of the methods that we use it are toxic to ourselves and our environment.

It is a troubling topic – and there is so much we can do to slow and stop its development: get products with as little product packaging as possible; carry our own bags; purchase local; try to find glass and recyclable paper or cardboard plans for things we should get in a container.

I’m always astonished at the push-back from folks on this topic. I’ve recently been making a collective effort to take my reusable bags into the store. Then I believe about the things I purchase in plastic containers that do not come any other way, like carrot juice.

It’s actually hard to get exactly what you want in containers other than plastic – however well worth the effort.

I’ll be following up on this Hub with a Hub on plasticizers – which can be absorbed into your foods and are estrogen mimics in many cases. Some products in the natural food area of your store – or at an organic food store – are moving to glass. That’s the direction I’m going. For products like yogurt, I’m also looking at making my own. Once more – no plastic, since I won’t be using it.

Don’t you recycle plastic containers in America? That’s not simply a standard in France, however, all over Europe. Everything: milk cartons, juice cartons, yogurt pots – you call it, are recycled right here by the council. We have 2 garbage bins in our residence: one for composting waste and one for recycled, and a child in a cabinet for things that are neither, however I ‘d state 80 % or our rubbish is recycled or composted (mind you we have an extremely computer that does even meat and fish waste, so we don’t even have to toss that away). Which’s not just due to the fact that we are extra conscious of it, it’s because the policies of the council need you to divide your garbage and place plastic in a bag for recycling. In England they are considering charging people for not recycling their waste.

Oh, simply to state, Europe typically likewise recycles all paper, glass and metal. The recycle garbage bag contains a mix of plastic, metals and papers. We have a bottle collector in the garage. In some cases the recycling is collected (ours isn’t) or you have to go to one of a number of local depots and load off your things weekly. It’s a bind, however, worth it.

Europe has actually had a longer and better performance history of recycling. I keep in mind, traveling to Switzerland to see a member of the family in 1989, and people there willingly returned glass containers to recycling depots as well as sorting it by color! This is still unusual in North America – perhaps because we have even more land around us and it provides us the impression that our wastes don’t have the exact same impact since it’s concealed away from us.

Having said that, the majority of areas in North America has recycling programs. In addition, composting programs that take organic waste are becoming much more common – particularly in urban locations. However, recycling does not really attend to the plastic issue.

Due to the fact that there is an inadequate market for it, numerous types of plastic are not reused. A lot of communities will certainly recycle PET plastic and HDPE 2 plastic. Some could likewise recycle plastics labeled 5. However, this still leaves a substantial amount of plastic which is not reused – including all kinds of food or bundle wrapping and many plastic parts of a container (such as many covers).

In addition, while people might comply at home, they don’t always doing this when out and about. Junk food creates huge amounts of garbage – including plastic. Plastic bags are often made use of for garbage – and therefore don’t get reused, but rather end up in garbage dumps. Estimates are that as little at 1 to 3 per cent of plastic bags ever get reused.

While recycling assists a lot – it’s far better not to have the plastic belong to a product in the first place. Most recycling really needs a specific amount of ‘virgin’ or new plastic in order to have the resulting product act properly. So – every bit of plastic that get recycled in fact results in additional plastic being made.

Ultimately – the best bet is to get off the synthetic plastics and work to plastics that are based on natural polymers that break down into parts that can be used by the environment. Even the best recycling program does not accomplish that.

It’s a big subject, Monique, and I understand now that products in Europe in plastics and metal are labeled if they are recyclable, and I will now check to make certain I only purchase those products. There are also naturally degradable plastic shopping bags in England. They are type of annoying, but amusing, due to the fact that if you forget them and leave them in the back of a cupboard, a long time later on your return and discover they are disintegrating.

Hello Monique, although it is not as extensive as it is in other nations, however, there are shopping malls currently providing reusable bags with the incentives for double points of the discounts if you use them. So it is a good promotion. I wonder when we can absolutely get rid of using plastic bags. Perhaps if the Gov’t makes it a policy of types.

I feel this is the most pertinent hub of the ones I’ve read. To see these realities laid out like this is worrying. I wish the pressure will start to mention to on the political leaders because I question the manufacturers will certainly volunteer to stop generating income…

Wow interestingly composed article and effectively located with realities, it is an unfortunate state and something needs to be taken care of. When i was in Europe i accept many of the earlier analysts that country is extremely careful about recycling and i have never ever seen anything like individuals who take an effort and time to recycle plastic cans, to paper. It is remarkable, In India things are way different and it is incredibly bad as in the current times the floods in Mumbai were triggered as all the plastic bags had obstructed the drains. Now significant supermarkets are making use of eco-friendly plastic and awareness is the only trick to fight the fight.

I read that plastic bags were a huge consider the current floods in India. It’s amazing that something that we take so forgiven – single use plastic bags – can trigger the kinds of environmental issues that we see.

More and more jurisdictions are prohibiting these bags – China, the Indian state of Himachai Prades, and South Africa.

You know kids with their pencils… my children just recently fell in love with the pencils that are made with no wood, rather from rolling newspaper or other paper (like old cash). Perhaps someone might roll all this plastic to form pencils and other similar products.

I’ve gotten made use of to bring my own canvas and multi-use bags into the grocery store, but is any individual else like me? For some reason, I tend to forget to grab them when I’m going into other establishments like Target or the fabric store and such.

I believe there are increasingly more people who are simulating you and me – carrying their own cloth and reusable bags.

Right, here’s a technique when I forget my bags: I merely take the groceries from the store with my sales receipt in hand! Then, I pile it in the back of my car without bags. One time doing that and I created a system that made sure I had bags in both my car and my home, in a place that was simple to obtain them from.

Oh my… I loved this Hub. I’m a recycle freak and have been for several years! and yes, I do have the cloth bags for grocery shopping – and several totes in my car just in case I forget the grocery bag. I want even more people knew the hazards of plastic bags – and I wish the US would prohibit them.

This is a great hub. Delighted to have actually found it. We have to be aware of the effects of making use of plastic bags certainly, thanks, Monique.

This is a topic I am very enthusiastic about. I’m happy that others are too. I ‘d likewise prefer to see a ban – and more government promotion of both technology to appropriately deteriorate the existing plastic in our world, and technology to establish real environment-friendly alternatives for all those little pieces of plastic that have worked their way into our lives.

As it stands, every piece of a package gets sorted at our house, consisting of bread wrappers, cheese singles wrappers, and so on

What I don’t know is whether or not these products (plus the hundreds of gathering plastic caps we have) are in fact being reused here in Kentucky.

I would like to have a home system based on the technology designed by the student discussed above, where I might just dump all my polyethylene bags for 3 months and forget them.

I use paper bags or my fabric shopping bag as much as possible. No more plastic! Thanks for the intriguing Hub.

Apr 16, 2014
Julia

Thinking About Marine Garbage Patches

We have been told that there is a plastic bag island, bigger than the state of Texas, is floating in the Pacific Ocean.

However its not the type of island where you can curl up in easy chair and break a Corona. The mass of trash, mainly plastic bags, is called the Central Pacific Gyre (East), and its 10 million square miles in the middle of the Pacific Ocean in between the California coast and Japan.

Hot Discussion: Marine Garbage Patches

The Pacific Ocean extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south. It is surrounded by the American continents in the east, and Asia and Australia in the west. The Pacific is associateded with the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Magellan and Drake Passage, to the Arctic Ocean by the Bering Strait, and to the Indian Ocean by the Strait of Malacca. The equator divides the Pacific into 2 parts– the North Pacific and South Pacific.

Please read the following

The Algalita Marine Research Foundation, which is in Long Beach, CA, specifies that the Gyre is triggered by clockwise air and water patterns. It can be a tough and very inhospitable location for a watercraft to navigate. It is since of these currents that the area, which is now known as ‘plastic soup,’ has collected so much trash and plastic.

Thought Provoking Discussion on Marine Garbage Patches

Captain Charles Moore is a creator and study planner of the Algalita Foundation. The foundation concentrates on ecological concerns pertaining to marine life. While on an expedition to the Gyre, the Algalita team found a more disturbing site, its called the subtropical convergence zone (West). The subtropical convergence zone is simply the point where warmer waters in tropical temperature levels satisfy cold water. It’s in this area where the currents create highways of trash, even more thick than the Gyre.

More informally these areas are called the East and West Pacific Garbage Patch. Debris floating around the garbage patches consists primarily of fishing equipment and plastic waste.

Often our trash gets puzzled with a marine animal’s regular diet. It has been documented that lots of marine species can not inform the distinction in between a plastic bag and a jellyfish, as an example. It has also been revealed that lots of marine animals have been discovered dead from choking on plastic bags and other products.

I don’t know if people realize this, but the ocean is not a trash dump! How much effort does it take to reuse plastic bags or plastic bottles? While increasingly more Americans are reusing plastic bags there are still more than 90 billion bags each year that is not reused worldwide.

There has to be a solution to the amount of waste that we generate, which option is to change from plastic bags to recyclable bags.

Mar 25, 2014
Julia

A Real-world Discussion About Marine Garbage Patches

Because man has actually begun navigating through waters for the search of new lands, he is actually tossing garbage in the sea. The trouble of ocean pollution is not a recent discovery, it has actually been there given that many centuries, but now the guy has actually understood the results of pollution in oceanic waters. Marine pollution basically happens when dangerous contaminants such as chemicals, garbage, farming waste, and specifically plastic are dumped in the ocean. As the surface of the water is never ever continuous this mess keeps on spreading out. The United Nations is taking the matter of ocean pollution really seriously and is designing new means to prevent the rise of a new opponent; Plastic.

Garbage is not restricted to land, nor landfills any longer. The seas have actually become waste dumps for refuse, and unless people take action the trouble is just going to intensify. The Ocean Conservancy works not only to tidy up the trash left by humans, but to highlight the problems facing waterways today. ‘Marine litter is one of the most understandable and pervasive pollution troubles plaguing the world’s seas and waterways’, according to the United Nations Environment Program. In recent years marine particles have actually transformed from mainly organic products to primary artificial compounds. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch includes products as big as kayaks, two footballs, rubber duckies, Frisbees, and Lagos, to plastic bottles, plastic bags, and diminutive plastic versions, the raw products used to make all things plastic. Because plastics are buoyant and light-weight, they can drift on the water and travel fars away with the sea currents. Ninety percent of the litter in the garbage patch is plastic, and it is estimated to extend up to 100 feet below the surface area of the water. The plastic is so pervasive, it exceeds the plankton 6 to one.

But…

Every year about 300 billion pounds of plastic are produced around the world and not even 5 % of it is recycled. Where does the remaining 95 % goes? Well, the majority of it meets safe sanctuary in landfills and the remaining is thrown in the oceans. It is a recognized reality that plastic takes almost 100 years to decompose, however, when it is included the water; the action of the sun, water and temperature level breaks it into little pieces which helps the spreading of plastic much more. This is really strange but real, in the middle of the Pacific ocean a circular pattern of water currents have built up massive quantities of floating garbage. This big amount is commonly referred as the ‘Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch’. It was founded by Captain Charles Moore in the very early 1990s’ and is still growing.

Out of all the plastics discovered in the ocean, just a percent of that originates from the water, then exactly what about the remainder of the waste, where does that originated from? Plastic bottles and cups left on the coastline are blown away in the sea due to the strong wind currents. Nearly 80 % of the plastic discovered in the sea is disposed by human beings. They come from ships, item containers, offshore companies and oil rigs. Even cruise liners unload many of their plastic waste in the sea rather of reusing it. Industries located near water bodies, discard many of their commercial waste in water in spite of repeated warnings from the government. It’s essential to comprehend that every plastic item we get is going to end up in ocean if it’s not reused after use.

When creatures eat plastic and when they get entangled in them, Plastic debris can endanger marine life in two significant ways;. The greatest sufferers of this garbage are turtles, and all the various species of marine turtles are currently threatened since of a variety of reasons. Millions of turtles have actually been found dead with pieces of plastic bags in their stomach. It is presumed that these turtles error these drifting plastic bags for jellyfish and consume them. These bags get stuck in their neck or stomach which leads to suffocation and ultimately triggers fatality. Various plastic pieces floating in the water are responsible for the death of millions of fish and birds as they mistake these little pieces of plastic for food. Various fish and birds lose their lives after getting knotted in lost fish internet which are drifting all over the sea. The sheer volume of plastic in the ocean is stunning and the worst part is people are still throwing away their plastic waste rather of reusing it.

The issue of plastic pollution in the ocean is extremely severe and requires the attention of all the nations around the world. Individuals ought to make certain that they restrict the use of plastic bags and products. Every piece of plastic being made today is going to remain in the environment for a long time unless somebody recycles it. We all need to comprehend the duty of cleaning our own world, before it becomes a dump.

Mar 10, 2014
Julia

Elements Of Marine Garbage Patches

The North Pacific Gyre is a huge, slow moving vortex triggered by winds and current patterns between California and Japan, where millions of tons of plastic garbage have gathered. Find out about the causes and environmental effect of this massive marine waste dump.

The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre is among 5 ocean gyres, large vortexes in the open ocean that are caused by wind-driven surface area currents. The North Pacific Gyre is formed by 4 ocean currents: the North Pacific Current, California Current, North Equatorial Current and Kuroshio or Japan Current. Flowing clockwise, these currents produce a massive circle in the sea between the west coast of the United States and Japan. Varying in width and depth, the speed of these currents ranges from 1 to 4 km/hour.

These winds push the water over which they blow, assisting to produce the prevailing ocean currents that also circle the North Pacific. These currents, themselves likewise subject to the Coriolis Force, curl rightward and more rightward, which brings them in long, gentle spirals to the middle of the North Pacific Ocean. The water moving into the center has nowhere to go however down. So that’s where it does go. It sinks, leaving behind anything that drifts, such as plastic. The sinking water, meeting the ocean floor, flows outward in deep currents, going back to the edges of the Pacific. Off the coastline of California, for example, the deep currents well up all set to carry even more garbage on its long spiral into the center of the North Pacific. How much garbage, actually, is in the garbage gyre? To come to any affordable estimates, some really wise individuals need to do a great deal of specialized work.

A Crowd of Information On Marine Garbage Patches

Known as the Pacific Trash Vortex, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an area of drifting trash approximated to be in unwanted of 600,000 square miles, or two times the size of the state of Texas, and weighing 3.5 million tons.

Have you considered

Approximately 80 % of the debris within the Garbage Patch comes from the land, washing down from rivers and storm drains, or being swept the coastlines by tides. The staying 20 % is from item containers that fall from oceangoing ships and spill their contents. Floating trash, the huge majority of which is plastic, is caught by turning ocean currents and accumulates within the North Pacific Gyre.

Let’s Continue This Analysis

The supposed Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also referred to as the Pacific Trash Vortex, in the North Pacific Ocean, estimated larger than the continental United States, is the most up to date marvelous shocker exposed by the media. The Patch is identified by extremely high concentrations of plastics, sludge and other debris that have actually been caught by the currents of the North pacific A comparable patch of floating plastic debris is discovered in the Atlantic Ocean.

There is a similar phenomenon, the Atlantic Garbage Patch, occurring in the Sargasso Sea, in between Bermuda and the Azores, in an area known as the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre.

Big quantities of trash, clean up on islands within the North Pacific Gyre and shorelines locating it, such as those of Alaska and Japan. Stacks of garbage approximately 10 feet deep cover the beaches of some islands of the Hawaiian archipelago.

Marine debris positions a harmful hazard to marine and coastal environments. When they end up being or consume tangled in plastic debris, hundreds of thousands of sea turtles, seabirds and marine animals are eliminated annually. On the Midway island Wildlife Refuge, found on a remote atoll in the middle of the Pacific, 40 % of the 500,000 albatross chicks that are born each year die of malnourishment or dehydration, their stomachs filled with plastic debris that is mistaken for food. While it could split up into smaller sized pieces, the plastic does not biodegrade, and will stay in the ocean forever.

In addition to the risks provided by consumption and entanglement, the plastic likewise creates a toxic danger. The use of poisonous chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and the pesticide DDT has been prohibited or limited, they do not degrade and still continue to be distributed in seawater. These chemicals are hydrophobic, suggesting they do not dissolve in water, however, they are conveniently soaked up by oil-based plastic, concentrating them around a million-fold. Tiny pieces of plastic containing the toxins are ingested by fish or other sea animals, which are in turn eaten by bigger animals. The concentration of toxins is enhanced as it moves up the food cycle, a procedure called biomagification.

Plastic in seawater, unlike on land, does not Bio Degrade, it Photo Degrades, breaking down into tiny fragments small enough for fish to eat. The chemical compounds in the plastic continue to be and the contaminants are moved in trace total up to bigger game fish.

The issue of trash in the seas is not limited to the North Pacific; debris is discovered throughout the world’s oceans. National and international conventions and contracts have been carried out to lower the amount of plastic debris that ends up in the marine environment. The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is examining prospective cleanup techniques. Many organizations are devoted to recovering the oceans, including the Environmental Cleanup Coalition, the Algalita Marine Research Foundation, and the Ocean Conservancy.

Expanded waste decrease, recycling and reuse programs are crucial to minimize the amount of plastics that discover their way into the sea. Individuals can play their part by getting the word out about the international trouble of marine debris, lowering the amount of plastic they use, taking care to dispose or reuse of plastic trash correctly, and joining in to help with coastline or river cleanup programs in their area.

Many types of plastic are not reused since there wants market for it. The majority of communities will recycle PET plastic and HDPE 2 plastic. Some could likewise recycle plastics identified 5. This still leaves a significant amount of plastic which is not recycled – including all types of food or bundle wrapping and lots of plastic parts of a container (such as many covers).

In addition, while individuals may comply in the house, they don’t always do so when out and about. Convenience food produces huge quantities of trash – including plastic. Plastic bags are typically utilized for trash – and for that reason do not get recycled, however instead wind up in landfills. Quotes are that as little at 1 to 3 per cent of plastic bags ever get reused.

While reusing helps a lot – it’s much better not to have the plastic be part of a product in the very first place. A lot of reusing really requires a particular amount of ‘virgin’ or new plastic in order to have the resulting item act properly. So – every little bit of plastic that get recycled really results in extra plastic being made.

Ultimately – the very best bet is to get off the synthetic plastics and work towards plastics that are based on natural polymers that break down into elements that can be utilized by the environment. Even the best recycling program doesn’t accomplish that.

Learn more about how researchers are studying this phenomenon in ‘Voyage to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch’.

Feb 3, 2014
Julia

Marine Garbage Patches – What?

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is what scientists believe is the greatest rubbish dump in the world and it’s sitting in the Pacific Ocean. It is roughly twice the size of Texas and is composed of about 3.5 million tons of rubbish. The patch contains various types of garbage including shoes, bags, wrappers, and bottles however the bulk of it is made up of plastics which doesn’t biodegrade. Instead plastic slowly breaks up into smaller and smaller fragments. Greenpeace estimated that 10% of plastic manufactured every year ends up in the Pacific Garbage Patch which is an excessive amount of pollution.

The Pacific Gyre has now received the unofficial name of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Some estimates have the number of floating debris-most of which is plastic-as 100 million tons.

I digress, lets move on.

Most of the pollution comes from countries ranging from North America to East Asia and to Australia. An estimated 80% of pollution comes from land based sources while 20% comes from ships.

And It Gets Even Better…

Garbage can make its way from land to the ocean quite easily through our drains. Luxurious lifestyles and increased laziness litter is being flushed into our gutters which is ending in place in the ocean and our beautiful environment with increased numbers of plastics. Once in the ocean, some sinks to the ocean floor or is ingested by sea creatures while the rest is drawn to what is called the Northern Pacific Gyre. The Northern Pacific Gyre is a system of currents which drags garbage into the heart of a huge vortex which is then trapped by peripheral circulating currents. The enclosed enormous mass of garbage is known as the Pacific Garbage Patch.

Many people misinterpret the mass of garbage. They expect to sail out to the Gyre and find a rubbish island. In fact the ocean’s full of tiny colored parts of plastic. The plastic is simply more concentrated in the Gyre and is accompanied by bottles, helmets and nets floating on the surface. This huge environmental disaster is unknown to so many, as it is out in the midst of the ocean which is yet to affect our everyday lives. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is made up of the East Gyre and West Gyre which is located roughly between 135° to 155°W and 35° to 42°N. It ranges from the coast of California all the way to Japan and in some areas the debris is 90 feet deep.

It was discovered by Charles J. Moore who came across this massive stretch of floating Debris while returning home through the North Pacific Gyre after the Transpac Sailing Race in 1997. A similar patch of floating plastic debris is found in the Atlantic Ocean. Something similar to the garbage patch was predicted in a document published in 1988 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States, through Alaska-based research which measured the increase of tiny plastic particles in the ocean water. This is evidence that as time goes by the picture is getting dramatically worse.

Plastic is such a terrible product because it doesn’t biodegrade. Instead, it breaks up into smaller pieces which always remain. The small parts of plastic are called mermaid tears or nurdles. Nurdles are dangerous because they have the unpleasant quality of soaking up toxic chemicals. Even if chemicals are widely diffused in the water, over time they’re soaked up and concentrated within these tiny pieces of plastic. In some parts of the ocean there is already six times more plastic then plankton which is a primary food source many fish rely on to survive and these statistics aren’t even taken from the middle of the garbage patch.

Plastics are very damaging to the marine environment. Fish, mammals and birds think that the plastic is food so they eat it. The plastics can poison them or lead to deadly blockages. Plastics have enormous effects on albatross that tend to breed at Midway Island which comes in contact with the side of the garbage patch. Each year 500, 000 albatrosses are born of which 200, 000 die from being fed plastics from their mothers who confuse it for food. In total, more than a million birds and mammals die each year from consuming or being caught in plastics, garbage or debris. They are dieing of starvation and dehydration with bellies full of plastic. Research has shown that this garbage and debris affects 267 different species worldwide including sea lions, sea birds, turtles, fish, whales, and seals. As fish are consuming toxins at such a rapid rate they may soon not even be safe enough to eat.

There are likewise a great number of effects on mankind. Nineteen Hawaiian Islands including Midway island receive masses of garbage shot out from the gyre some of which is decades old. Some beaches are covered by up to ten feet of plastic while others are covered by tiny plastic sand like particles which would be near impossible to clean up. Soon we may be unable to eat seafood as it may become toxic or we may start eating our own plastic wastage. There will be damage to boats and submarine equipment and if the situation gets worse swimming in the ocean may even be discouraged.

Plastics and Other Debris – The infamous North Pacific Gyre, where dozens of plastic float in a vast mass, has been nicknamed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. In addition to the risk of marine animals such as sea turtles and seabirds swallowing or becoming entangled in the debris, toxic chemicals leach into the ocean from the disintegrating plastic.

As the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is in such a bad state researchers say it is not likely it will be in a position to be cleaned up because it would be a multi-billion dollar process so prevention and awareness are the current keys to success. Richard Pain, an Australian film maker plans to cross the region on a vessel made from plastic bottles, in attempt to publicize the problem. Research is to seek ways of possibly turning the garbage into fuel and Volunteers from Project Kaisei, a conservation project based in San Francisco and Hong Kong plan to send two ships into the area concerned to bring back some waste.

Charles Moore has been researching the garbage patch ever since he discovered it. In 2008 he took some young researcher out with him to show them the damage.

The world can be considered of as a closed system in the way that all plastic created remains on the planet except for a small number which has been incinerated and released toxic chemicals. Less than 5% of all plastic is recycled globally so recycling more is a good start. Attempts to minimize plastic usage and BYOB policy or ‘bring your own bag’ to shopping centers will cut down plastic bag usage. If we want our world to remain beautiful for future generations we need to agree to the responsibility at a local level by thinking globally and acting locally.

Jan 9, 2014
Julia

Elements Of Marine Garbage Patches

Discovered in 1997, by an American oceanographer called Charles Moore, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is composed mainly of a combination of different kinds of plastic, and other articles of trash floating out in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. There are in fact a number of garbage patches, but the in the pacific ocean, there are 2. There is an Eastern and Western Pacific Garbage Patch. They are likewise connected with an ocean existing and get trash from all over the world. The Western Garbage Patch is located between Japan and Hawaii. It is rather smaller than the one in question right here, which is the Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch, found between California and Hawaii.

The Eastern Garbage Patch has actually been called into being very large, and compared to the size of the state of Texas; which is one of the largest states, if not the largest state, found in the United States. Large circular ocean currents called a gyre hold the trash buildups.

The Plastiki traveled past the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is a substantial mass of drifting rubbish stated to be as big as the State of Texas. The majority of it is floating plastic.

The Best Part Of Marine Garbage Patches

The larger parts of the garbage patch are floating on and below the surface of the ocean, so it is rather hard to see from above in aircraft and even when driving a watercraft with it. For many years, it has actually become more visible though.

This plastic mixture is also located in the middle of the ocean where watercrafts rarely go, so that is why it might have gone unnoticed for so long. An additional fact to consider is that most trash was more naturally degradable 50 years earlier.

When areas of this harmful mix break cost-free from the gyre and wash inshore, coastlines and coastlines end up being trash dumps with plastic chip dunes and plastic sand beaches. There are large areas of the ocean patches covered with bulkier pieces of trash that can be seen occasionally, like old boys, plastic toys, and old fish nets.

Largely hidden, however, the majority of Garbage Patch contains a high concentration of small pieces of non-biodegradable plastic, stringy melting pieces of plastic, Styrofoam, bottle caps, and anything that does not break down generally.

It is everything that escaped the garbage discards somehow, or was disposed in the ocean, and now has broken down into small plastic chips.

The negative results on wildlife have and will be extensive with fatalities by intake or getting tangled up in the larger pieces of trash like old fishing nets and those notorious 6 pack plastic rings.

It is apparent that the animals are eating the trash, with pictures like the one in the above YouTube video. The bird consumed plastic pieces of trash due to the fact that it is vibrant, and in abundance. It passed away due to the fact that birds, or other sort of animals, cannot absorb plastic and they cannot pass bigger pieces of it and it blocks up their system and they die. They regretfully feed it to their young, not knowing that it will eliminate them.

Albatross chicks are dying because their parents feed them with plastic products that they have mistaken for food such as other and squid marine creatures. The infant birds cannot digest the plastic and they die and their parents can do nothing. The inadequate birds do not even understand exactly what is eliminating them.

Researchers are more concerned nonetheless with what will happen when all this plastic comes down to the molecular level in the food cycle of the ocean. It has actually currently been discovered that BPA plastic is dangerous to humans and rats. Thus, the scare a couple years back in 2008 with infant bottles containing BPA plastics. All those old bottles consisting of BPA are either in garbage dumps now, or will eventually wind up out in the ocean with the rest of them.

Plastic trash that gets discarded can wind up carried by the ocean currents to contribute to the mass of garbage or it can wind up killing a turtle that thought a plastic bag was an infant or a jellyfish albatross whose parents fed a plastic product to it.

An increasing number of efforts are happening to much better understand this situation of ocean pollution and to try to tidy up as much as possible before any even more damage can occur.

Some water samples indicate that in areas of the pacific garbage patch off the coastline of California there are more non-marine flotsam bits than there are live marine fragments. Sometimes the ratio 6 non live particle to 1 one live particle.

To get rid of the this waste would be counter efficient. You would be eliminating the plastic particle waste along with a large portion of the tiny animals, like plankton and phytoplankton that make up the basis of the food cycle, which is mixed up in it.

In simply the previous 60 years, the plastics our culture have created have actually altered the chemistry and environment of the oceans. In places like the North Pacific Gyre, there is even more plastic in the water than plankton – the small crustacean that forms a crucial part of the food cycle and lots of marine animals depend on. Instead, animals greater up on the food chain are ingesting the plastic fragments that are the outcome of our throwaway society.

A new research study was done on the impact of ‘Nurdles’ or plastic pellets (envisioned on the right), and it was discovered that they take in and hold toxins in highly focused amounts. This process is discussed in even more information in the YouTube video above.

It is still commonly unknown exactly what impacts the toxic mess of the pacific garbage patch has had, and will have, upon the life of this planet.

Humans are turning Earth’s oceans into plastic wastelands on a huge scale never ever understood prior to, and the majority of people still are not knowledgeable about it, because popular news media avoid this important concern in favor of breezy Hollywood chatter.

There is a new continent in the Pacific Ocean. Actually, it is actually forming for years. It was documented in the 1950’s. It is bigger now, buy some records twice the size of Texas. And growing. The most…

Image courtesy ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’– Wikipedia Picture this– You rise in the morning, brush your teeth and prepare to go to work. Getting your travel mug you going the door to the office… This website has some in depth information about ocean pollution and connected to online forums for conversation about the ocean pollution troubles facing our world.

RICHMOND, Calif.– Scientists, sailors, journalists and government officials set sail from San Francisco Bay yesterday to st.

This website has a lot of excellent information about the Garbage Patch in addition to other ocean pollution and overall ocean wellness.

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Thank you. I am just as perplexed at the lack of promotion about this trouble. This type of fears me because I don’t think anybody understands exactly what to do about it and that’s why it is not discussed, in public yet anyway. I’m sure it’s been discussed in clinical circles for many years, and it is just now coming out, or leaking out, more in the last few years. I hardly became aware of it myself a couple years earlier on news radio, and I saw a small clip on cable television news about it and that has been it. I didn’t have any idea this trouble was going on all over the ocean either till I did the research for this hub. I wish we might just replace all plastic with a natural product that is like plastic, and we can all never use or make plastic again. I have 2 kids and everything is plastic. Even prior to knew about this garbage patch stuff I had plastic claustrophobia. I think billboards would most likely be an excellent way to buy this disturbing information to the masses of plastic users, of which we all are this day in age. I think it has to interrupt us enough to begin altering much faster. There is a lot of information about this subject online, however, one has to find out about the subject in order to wish to go looking into it.

The ‘Throwaway Culture’ was born. In the past 60 years, we have produced millions of single use items from plastic. Wrappings, shopping bags, containers, bottles, straws, cups, plates, forks… the list continues. There’s only one problem with these plastic products– they never ever go away. Plastic just breaks down into smaller littles plastic. They never ever decompose.

Thank you a lot, and I agree completely. I do not understand it either. It is our mentality in this culture, the western culture I suspect. I was recently reviewing native California Indians and how they coped with nature and bolstered the natural flora and fauna and everybody flourished marvelously. They cannot comprehend their invaders, the inhabitants in the New World of North America, reasoning when it came to the wilderness and nature. European, Spanish, French, they think everything in nature is dead and over occupied. The Indians point of view is that everything in nature is alive, simply as other people are. Their way of thinking was if you cared for the earth and nature, it would care for you. This concept has actually not seemed to have made it into the western way of thinking about other living things as they pertain to the world and to the human race. Most of the Northern American Indians and Californian Indians are gone now since of this exact same mindset, however, at least a few words of peace of mind are reaching with the ages.

This is so difficult to ingest, however, it is the reality. I thought it was a fantastic hub and extremely helpful. We are ending up being a cancer in our own world. Saddening.

Thank you for bringing this to everybody’s attention! I want to see you hub getting more traffic just to assist spread the word that our world is being abused with consequences.

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The Caption Reads, ‘Depicts 2 Million Plastic Beverage Bottles, the Number Used in the US Every 5 Minutes’.

Nov 29, 2013
Julia

Down The Marine Garbage Patches Rabbit Hole

In recent months, media outlets and some stars have actually turned the spotlight on the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Last August, a player of experts, researchers, oceanographers, and ocean-lovers set sail in an exploration, referred to as the Job Kaisei, in the location to find out more about the extent of this hazard to the ocean environment.

The Great Pacific Patch is a huge swath of the ocean, approximated to be twice the size of Texas is having as much as 100 million tons of plastic garbage. In 1997, Captain Charles Moore, a California-based sea captain found the location, while passing through on his method home from a sailing race in Asia. The documents and samples revived by the analysts of Project Kaisei verified our worst fears – the location is much larger than was initially thought, it is full of a lot debris, and it is growing.

Close to 20 % of discarded plastic ends up in the sea. There is an area understood officially as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch or the Eastern Garbage Patch. It is 1,000 miles west of San Francisco, a swirling mass of plastic in an area two times the size of Texas. A research by the United Nations Environmental Program approximates that in this region there are 46,000 drifting pieces of plastic for each square mile of ocean and the trash now distributes to a depth of 30 meters.

When the main section of the Garbage Patch drifts over the Hawaiian Islands, Waimanalo Beach on Oahu is covered with blue-green plastic sand while Midway Atoll – a significant rookery for albatross – is now a PERMANENT garbage stack. Greenpeace estimates that a million seabirds a year pass away from plastic consumption, many of them chicks that have starved to fatality with bellies full of plastic cigarette lighters, toy soldiers and bottle caps. About 100,000 marine creatures also die. Sea turtles moving past the Garbage Patch do not understand the difference in between a drifting jellyfish and a drifting plastic bag and often eat plastic bags. Scientists who study the Rubbish Vortex say there is little we can do to cleanse it up. Most of exactly what is now there will ultimately sink to the ocean floor where it will seriously interrupt ocean ecosystems.

Let’s Continue This Analysis

The plastic now caught in the patch has collected progressively with several decades from debris organized or cleaned to the sea from the surrounding shorelines and from passing ships. This is garbage coming from every country in the North Pacific basin from North America to East Asia to Australia. The garbage is drawn to exactly what is referred to as the Northern Pacific Gyre, a system of currents in the northern Pacific, required into the center of the big vortex, and trapped there by the peripheral distributing currents.

Garbage can make its way from land to the ocean quite easily with our brains. With enhanced varieties of plastics, glamorous lifestyles and enhanced laziness litter is being flushed into our gutters which is ending up in the ocean and our stunning environment. As soon as in the ocean, some sinks to the ocean floor or is ingested by sea creatures while the rest is drawn to what is known as the Northern Pacific Gyre. The Northern Pacific Gyre is a system of currents which drags garbage into the center of a substantial vortex which is then trapped by peripheral distributing currents. The enclosed enormous mass of garbage is known as the Pacific Garbage Patch.

Many people misinterpreted the mass of garbage. They anticipate to cruise out to the Gyre and find a rubbish island. In truth the ocean teems with small colored parts of plastic. The plastic is simply more concentrated in the Gyre and is accompanied by bottles, webs and helmets floating on the surface area. This substantial ecological catastrophe is unidentified to many due to the fact that it is out in the middle of the ocean which is yet to influence our daily lives. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is comprised of the East Gyre and West Gyre which is located roughly between 135° to 155° W and 35° to 42° N. It ranges from the coastline of California all the way to Japan and in some locations the debris is 90 feet deep.

It was discovered by Charles J. Moore who came across this enormous stretch of floating Debris while returning house through the North Pacific Gyre after the TRANSPAC Sailing Race in 1997. A similar patch of floating plastic debris is found in the Atlantic Ocean. Something much like the garbage patch was anticipated in a paper released in 1988 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States, with Alaska-based study which determined the boost of tiny plastic particles in the ocean water. This is evidence that as time goes by the circumstance is getting dramatically worse.

One of the tasks of the Kaisei clinical exploration was to figure out the viability of removing the plastic from this location for commercial recycling. Up until that is possible, it would be too expensive for any one nation to undertake the clean up of this veritable mess. Exactly what might be done at present is to attempt and decrease, if not stop altogether, the circulation of garbage that gets contributed to the patch each year. We need stringent strong garbage disposal policies to avoid more garbage from spilling into the ocean. An increasing number of cities are now banning entirely the use of plastic bags and polystyrene containers, and this is a vital step.

On the individual level, we can magnify recycling and minimize, if not eliminate, our acquisitions of plastic. BYOB – ‘Bring Your Own Bag’ – is not just a catchy motto but a considerable factor that would substantially help the ocean – if all of us do it.

Out of sight, out of mind. That’s the Great Pacific Garbage Patch for the majority of us. It is genuinely – as real as the plastic keyboard in front of you, right now – it is out there growing by the day from all the garbage we toss away so heedlessly.