May 12, 2012
Julia

Pygmy Chimpanzee (Pan paniscus)

Did you know?

That bonobos were not formally identified until 1926? Before this date, they are believed to belong to a subspecies of the common chimpanzee. They are still one of the great apes that are less understood.

Taxonomy:

Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Simiae
Family: Pongidae (Hominidae)
Scientific Name: Pan paniscus
English Name: Bonobo

The Pygmy Chimpanzee is very similar to chimpanzees, but smaller. The Pan paniscus’  head-body length is 55-60 cm and have a shoulder height of 90-100 cm. They weigh around 25-40 kg.

With this specie, there is no sexual dimorphism, but males are larger and heavier than females. The Pygmy Chimpanzee was one of the largest mammals discovered lately. Primatologists have characterized the species as “egalitarian, focusing on females and as one that substitutes sex for aggression.” The pygmy chimpanzee shares more than 98% of their genetic makeup with humans, making it as close to man, like a fox is to a dog.

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