May 23, 2012

Facts About Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is a nonrenewable energy source. Read some interesting facts about nuclear energy.

– Nuclear energy is the energy that is liberated by the decomposition of a nucleus of two atoms or by combining two atomic nuclei into a new atom.

– At the moment, nuclear energy is derived from the conversion of mass into energy during the splitting of the atom. This happened after the famous formula, E = mc2, by Albert Einstein was introduced. The formula says: E [energy] equals m [mass] times 2 by c [c – speed of light]. That is, the released energy is equal to the difference of the masses multiplied by the square of the speed of light.

– Nuclear energy is increasingly referred to as acceptable energy source because it produces no greenhouse gases and the Earth is not heated, unlike other non-renewable energy sources.

– Nuclear energy is produced by a controlled chain reaction and creates heat. This heat is used for the heating of the water, the production of steam and for the operation of the whole turbine.

– Nuclear power plants need much less fuel than the power plants that use fossil fuels. For example, one ton of uranium is the same quantity of energy that can be gained from a few million tons of coal or several million barrels of oil.

– Nuclear energy is the nuclear fission of uranium, plutonium or thorium or the fusion of hydrogen atoms into helium. At the moment, most uranium is used.

– Nuclear energy was accidentally discovered by a French physicist, Henri Becquerel in 1896. He saw that a photographic plate was dark after it was stored in the dark next to the uranium.

– In the U.S., the nuclear power plants generate about 19% of electrical energy. This is equal to the total consumption of electrical energy in three most populous states: California, Texas and New York.

– On the 27th of June 1954, the Soviet Union’s first nuclear power plant is the Obninsk, where electricity was generated and was thereby connected to the electrical grid. It produced approximately 5 MW of power.

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