Mar 6, 2014
Julia

Exploring Oil Spills

There are various incidents of oil spills everyday however, oil spills in very less amounts don’t cause much harm. The problem arises when there are various incidents of oil spills that are on a significant proportion, causing the spilling of millions of tonnes of oil into the seas, rivers and bays. None can forget the Exxon Valdez oil spill that occurred in Alaska, on March 24, 1989. One of the disastrous environmental damage caused by the world, the Exxon Valdez spilling lead to the disclosure of nearly 40 million liters of oil into the sea! No doubt, the casualties of the oil spill were the marine animals that thrived in that area.

Oil spills that occur near a coastline, cause more harm than the oil spills that occur into the open sea because marine life habitat is usually more dense in the field near the coastline than in the midst of the ocean. Oil spills can occur due to various reasons like, careless treatment of the oil pipelines spread under the seas, whereby the oil is transported to various countries. Also, any sort of accidental or natural disaster leading to damage of the oil storing tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, etc., can cause oil spills. The oil spill effects on the marine life is decided according to the type of oil spilled, location of the oil spilled and the breeding season of the habitat in that area. The main problem with oil is that once it spills, it spreads far and wide in the ocean, thereby increasing the damage. When the marine animals consume the oil spilled in the water, the oil gets into their body and many die due to suffocation and poisonous effects of the oil.

Oil Spills Continued

In addition, there are other kinds of oil spill prevention tools: spill berms! These can be used in order to contain a spill if one should occur. They are arranged around the oil spill to ensure that the oil will not spread into sensitive areas.

I digress, lets move on.

Fur seals get affected by oil spills, as the oil sticks to their fur. Whales and dolphins remain safe from any external affects, as their slippery body doesn’t allow the oil to stick.

How Would You Have Known?

A sense of alienation among the community members, as the smelling ability of the seals and other marine animals is lessened or badly affected. This makes them feel lost as they’re unable to find their fellow beings.

Reduces the bird’s capacity to fly, as the feathers get tangled in dense mass of thick layers of oils.

Destruction of seagrass, coral reefs, and mangrove habitat, that are the main sources of ecological balance in the oceans.

It is a reality that oil is among the precious commodities and engine of the global economy, but it is equally harmful for the marine animals and wildlife, in case they be in contact with it. The oil transportation methods and the security measures employed while doing so needs to be strengthened, in order safeguard the precious marine life. While we cannot thrive without oil, we’re also responsible for the maintenance of the ecology. The world community should come together to fight these types of incidents and provide safety for the wildlife.

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