Apr 2, 2012
Julia

Celebration of World Water Day

On the celebration of World Water Day, it is under the theme “Water and food security,” said Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. He also said that water is the “most important finite resource” that must be “used more wisely” especially in the coming decades.

According to UN data, 11%of world population (783 million people) lack access to clean water, of which almost 80% are from rural areas and 40% in sub-Saharan Africa. Today, the planet’s population is seven billion, a two billion increase in 2050.

The UN said that each person drinks daily from 2 to 4 liters of water, most of which is incorporated in ingested food that is consumed. To produce a kilo of beef, for example, it takes 15,000 liters of water, and for a kilo of wheat is 1,500 liters.

A joint study by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that by 2015, 92%of the world population will have better access to drinking water, which is considered especially good for children as 3,000 children die every day due to diarrhea.

Moreover, a report by U.S. intelligence agencies said that drought, floods and shortages of fresh water could cause significant global instability and conflict in the coming decades. An assessment that reflects the consensus of federal intelligence says the risk of water conflicts cause wars in the next ten years is minimal, although it will cause tensions between countries and threaten to disrupt the national and global food markets.

But after 2022, says it will become more likely the use of water as a weapon of war or terrorism tool, particularly in southern Asia, the Middle East and northern Africa. The report is based on a National Intelligence Estimate of secrecy on water security, which was requested by the Secretary of State, Hillary Rodham Clinton and completed a few months ago.

Clinton says the flooding, shortages and poor water quality, combined with poverty, social stress, poor leadership and weak governments will contribute to the instability that could cause the failure of many states.

 

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