Browsing articles from "August, 2013"
Aug 30, 2013

How Basic Hygiene Can Stop the Spread of Diseases

In developed countries, food poisoning afflicts millions of people annually. Various viruses and bacteria cause this condition. Symptoms can vary widely but tend to include vomiting and diarrhoea. Most people can recover from food poisoning on their own. However, thousands of people require hospitalisation each year. Death is always a possibility in extreme cases, too. With that in mind, individuals that prepare food should do what they can to reduce the risk of food poisoning.

basic hygieneBasic hygiene produces the best results.

Typically, food poisoning is completely preventable by using proper food handling measures. Too many people improperly handle their foods during preparation each day. This results in thousands of avoidable cases of illness around the world caused by foods. By exercising caution, most people can prevent food poisoning from affecting themselves or their families. Countless measures can be taken to avoid these issues and others. In most cases, you only need to make slight changes to their current procedures.

Personal Hygiene and Proper Hygiene in the Kitchen

Anyone that prepare foods should wash everything before and after cooking. This includes themselves, worktops, and utensils. Before touching any food, you should wash your hands, ensuring as little bacteria as possible touches the food. Likewise, only use clean worktops and utensils. Foods prepared and cooked on clean utensils won’t foster the bacteria that cause food poisoning. Without a doubt, these and other steps must be taken to avoid these illnesses because they can occur through other means.

Cross-Contamination Causes The Worst Kinds of Problems

The issue of cross-contamination always exists while preparing meals. Home kitchens and commercial kitchens alike face this problem. When it comes to foods, cross-contamination fosters the growth of bacteria. An eater’s chances of food poisoning increases noticeably due to cross-contamination. Fortunately, avoiding this issue isn’t that difficult under normal circumstances. Cooks simply need to prepare each food type separately from the others. Different meats should be prepared and cooked on their own utensils. Plus, the same applies to vegetables and other foods. Cross-contamination is a key cause of food poisoning outbreaks like the recent one in Newcastle, which is why industrial kitchen cleaning service are of such importance for achieving and maintaining both a clean restaurant kitchen, but also one that will pass HPA spot checks.

Proper Cooking Techniques and Proper Food Storage

Finally, foods should be cooked and stored properly. All foods should be cooked until they’re piping hot throughout. Every meat but beef should be cooked well-done, and beef can range from rare to well-done. To ensure the safety of meats, use a meat thermometer to test foods before serving them. After meals are consumed, leftovers should be cooled and stored as soon as possible. Leftovers shouldn’t stay out longer than 90 minutes, and food should be stored in airtight containers.

Don’t Forget the Washroom

Basic hand hygiene doesn’t stop at the kitchen. Washrooms, and particularly public washrooms, are hotbeds for bacteria. If you are using a washroom, flush the toilet with the lid down, always wash your hands thoroughly, and preferably use an air dryer for your hands. Professional cleaning service providers like Initial will help keep public washrooms hygienic for a fee, but given how viruses spread, particularly during winter months, it’s an investment worth making.

Basic hygiene greatly reduces the risk of getting food poisoning. Improper food handling techniques put thousands of people at risk for illness each day. Keeping yourself, your cooking space, and your utensils clean helps reduce these risks. In the end, other techniques can help prevent food poisoning incidents. Individuals can enjoy preparing and consuming their foods without worrying about contracting an illness. Hygiene helps prevent disease and sickness inside the kitchen and outside of it, too.

Aug 19, 2013

A New Hope for Pandas

Pandas are considered to be similar to bears, though, there are quite a lot of differences that one may plot in their behaviour. Pandas are strictly black and white with a little snout and wide eyes. Pandas are also strictly herbivores in contrast to bears who are carnivores.

Pandas have been reported by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to be an endangered species as their quantity is decreasing quite fast. Though, pandas are still present in a few places of the world, there have been certain practices into letting them free from the zoos and to indulge them in a natural habitat.

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Pandas are kept in utmost care as their species can evaporate and become extinct anytime. Unlike the white tiger which has been reportedly found in some parts of Southern Asia, pandas can be found only in China. The first exhibition of panda bears was also held in a Chinese zoo and since then, exhibitions have been profoundly witnessed in Berlin and other parts of Europe.

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Pandas can be found in tropical climates where they can be seen basking under the Sun and chewing down some herbs. Being the sweetest and the cuddliest of all bears, pandas suffer from blindness during the initial days of its birth. After about a few weeks, ranging from about three weeks to a month, pandas may get their eyesight and hence be able to visualize the nature.

Recently, Vienna has reported the birth of a baby panda which gives hope for the survival of the species. Certain methods should be taken for their breeding so that these creatures could live till the end of the world like most of the species of the world.

Aug 12, 2013

Alps, Antarctica and Changes

Climate and global warming have now started to go hand in hand or is it the other way around> In any way, the debate remains the same. Recent changes in the climate and the latitudinal shifts have caused rise in temperatures in some areas which could possibly lead to global warming. Well, the ozone is more important than oxygen in this case. We need oxygen to suffice on earth, but if the ozone layer gets depleted, we would not even still live anyway.

The ozone layer is a protective layer built around the globe in order to save the earth either from the harsh rays of the Sun. Since this is all very basic here, let us discuss some basic changes that came across within the last ten years in the history of climate and unkempt global warming.


The European Alps have been lucky to have a dignity of their own in the face of the Alpine trees. However, recently, general warming has caused a shift of about 1-4 meters as reported to occur every decade due to the possibility.

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Also, Antarctica has been experiencing distributional changes on the large scale due to the settling of liquid water and increased temperatures. Antarctica is considered to be the only continent where the floating of tonnes of icebergs is supposed to be quite apart from abnormality. However, as recent studies pose tough problems, one could see the icy continent possessing little liquid water which also supports the part that temperatures have been way far from the original.

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Aug 5, 2013

Evolution and Climate

Evolution, the conqueror of the researches proposed by all anthropologists and historians has been seen to be due to a lot of consequences which has incorporated life into a completely different meaning.

Climate changes have played a major role in evolution since the very beginning. As Darwin had cited, it is undoubtedly a squabble between the organisms in order to prove who is the fittest among the rest. Evolution is a key eye-opener in these terms which co-relates many hazards and changes that may have occurred in order to prolong the survival of the fittest.

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Climate has been cited by a variety of researches and anthropologists as a ‘driver for human evolution’ (ClimateWire, Umair Irfan).  These climate changes, precisely ranging to a past few decades have been affecting the timed seasonal events of various animals and birds. Phenological existences have been indicative of the fact that climate variations have played a mighty heavy role in the facts mentioned above inclusive of the profound reason for many of these organisms to issue migration.

Nevertheless, it is the humans that one may be concerned about. According to these studies, one may be concerned regarding the migration and survival of human beings. There has been quite a debate about the reasons that may spur the minds of the present evolved individuals.

In the initial times, the skin colour and the lineage were lightly pigmented with proof in the region related of less consumption of UV radiations. However, in order to cope within the present situations, these Homo sapiens migrated to places with warmer and tougher thermoregulatory effects which led to darker pigmented skin (Branda & Eaton, 1978, Science201, 625–626; Jablonski, 1992, Proc. Australas. Soc. Hum. Biol.5, 455–462, 1999, Med. Hypotheses52, 581–582). There is also evidence as to why women have lighter skin as compared to men. The vitamin D as required by females during pregnancy and lactation for the development of their own as well as their foetus’s bones have caused their bodies to offer perseverance for it so that it can be used later on as mentioned before.

Throughout the years, there has been considerable degree of variations and shifts in temperature and weather. These changes may be minute and have proven to be progressive within time as recorded in the glacial periods. Particularly, many organisms have had habitual reasons for migrations. When climate of a particular area changes, it may cause the organism to migrate because of the dire consequences that would have been faced by it including loss of savannahs and herbaceous implanting which would have caused it to starve.


Climate has played many roles in the determination of evolution and in creating biodiversity among the multiple human races. There are many varieties in humans, those which keenly range from the inhabitants of the Antarctica to those living in barren deserts. Adaptation and evolution go hand in hand which is indicative of the fact that climate has had a profound effect on the lives of Homo sapiens as well as other living organisms.

Animals mainly choose their habitats according to climate. As they migrate, new changes have arisen in their phenology, allowing alterations in genetics to set in as well. Climate changes is a very thorough study which ranges from thousands of years ago to the time at present.