Browsing articles from "May, 2013"
May 30, 2013
Sally

Taking Care of Problems Associated with Managing fish Aquaria

This is a continuation of our previous post ‘How to Solve Problems Associated with Aquarium Setups’.

Managing an aquarium has obvious challenges, but they can always be taken care of using simple processes that you can easily do once in a while. Taking care of these challenges that crop up ensure your long term success in the fish industry.

Temperature of the aquarium

Depending on where your aquarium tank is located, you can experience variations in temperatures at different times of the day. You can use a heater to prevent the tank from being too cold for the fishes.

To make the tank appropriate for the fishes during hot seasons, then a chiller could be necessary – though a bit expensive. Alternatively, you can turn off the lights during hot days. You can also induce evaporation by leaving the tank lids open; this way evaporation induces cooling in the aquarium tank.

image009

Gasping of Fishes at Water Surface

When fishes gasp at the surface of the water, it could be as a result of the presence of large amounts of ammonia and/or low oxygen. The levels of ammonia could increase as a result of the death of a fish, plant or even accumulation of wastes in the tank.

You simply have to manage the waste in the water without damaging the beneficial bacteria present in the water, that help decay and breakdown wastes. You should also suspend feeding so you don’t stress the entire system.

As for low oxygen levels, simply allow for aeration over the surface of the aquarium tank so that more dissolved oxygen enters the water.

May 30, 2013
Sally

How to Solve Problems Associated with Aquarium Setups

Following the challenges we have in our ecosystem today especially with marine life and excessive fishing in our waters; it has become paramount we contribute to the amount of fishes meant for human consumption. This means that we have to set up aquariums for raising fishes.

Raising fishes in an aquarium has very high economic benefits; however, this also comes with its attendant challenges. Here, we look at some of the problems and their solutions.

You will observe that most of the problems have to do with the quality of water in which the fishes are raised in. The truth is that water is the most important part of successfully managing an aquarium.

IMG_1008

Growth of Algae

As long as you are raising fishes in an aquarium, you are going to experience algal growth. The challenge may not be in making the aquarium tank completely free of algae, but rather being able to control its growth.

To reduce or eliminate algae, you simply control what they need to grow – sunlight and food. You can also introduce fishes as well as snails that feed on algae. This way they are reduced drastically in the aquarium tank.

Green or Cloudy Water

You can experience unclear waters in your aquarium for some certain reasons. It could be as a result of fine particles. These usually settle down after some time or days. Dissolved minerals also contribute to cloudiness in your tank.

When this happens, check the pH of the water; if it is high, then you will have to lower it using special water pH conditioner. You can also decide to change your source of water.

These are not the only challenges you might encounter, but as your experience grows, you’ll be able to handle more as they come.

May 20, 2013
Sally

Ry forWhy Melting Glaciers is Not a Good Sign?

Glaciers are amazing nature’s process and an even more spectacular sight to behold. Glaciers are made of compressed fallen snow, packed into thick masses of crystallized ice. Fallen snow packed on top of the other and under their own weight, glaciers can move and slide downwards towards lower area.

In recent years, glaciers have been melting faster than they usually do. Glaciers have always melted to a certain amount due to warmer weather like during summer. However, because of global warming and an increase of the average temperature, glaciers are melting rapidly and in some places have gone entirely. When warmer water melts glaciers faster than they can accumulate, there will be no more glaciers to replace the existing ones that are used as source of freshwater and electricity by some communities in the world.

Breaching Iceberg - Greenland, August 8, 2008

Why are glaciers so important? They are just thick sheets of ice moving slowly, aren’t they?

When glaciers melt, the water will flow from the streams and rivers and into the ocean. When this happens, the water level in the ocean will rise. Coastal areas will flood and homes will be destroyed. Farmlands that are situated at lower lands will also be flooded and the crops will be gone. This will disrupt our way of life and our source of living. When all the water flows into the ocean, the streams and river will dry up and the people who use water from these water sources will suffer from shortage of water supply.

Increase in global average temperature has caused dire consequences on glaciers. It’s a phenomenon that needs to be addressed before more serious problems occur.

May 20, 2013
Sally

Recycled Paper Can End Deforestation

It is no longer news that we are losing our forests every day, and at the root of this is deforestation from paper manufacturers. There has been an increase in the demand of paper, and the impact is showing in our forests. The paper manufacturers rightly claim that forests are renewable, but we also know they could take over fifty years to mature. So how renewable is that?

However, recycled paper is great in that it helps reduce the need for deforestation, thereby promoting green living. But again it has obvious limits, and so cannot really compete with the regular paper.

The problem lies in the way the recycled paper looks and feels. Although this can be improved, it comes at the expense of extensive bleaching and processing. This makes it expensive and even unsuitable for the environment because of the bleaching processes.

5-Simple-Ways-to-Help-End-Deforestation4

Nevertheless, this may not be so anymore. The Bamboo tree may be able to produce paper that can favorably compete with the normal paper, though this will be achieved with the addition of other materials in the production process.

But the good news is that it will go a long way to reducing the dependence on the forest trees for paper when it is fully harnessed. Considering that the Bamboo takes just about five to grow to maturity, and the fact that it may not even qualify as a tree – with its hollow stem, it becomes a great alternative to the solid stem trees that take decades to mature.

May 20, 2013
Sally

How to Care for Your Pet

It is important to learn how to take care of our pets when they are trouble, before running to the Vet doctor. This way we’ll be able provide first aid that could sustain them before the Vet starts his work.

First, just as you keep first aid kit for kids in your home, it is also important to have such for your pet in case it gets injured. There are basic things that should always be in your kit: gauze used for wrapping injury, hydrogen peroxide, needle-less syringe that can be used to administer medication and adhesive tape. Though this is not comprehensive, it gives you a head start in taking care of your pet.

When your pet is bleeding, apply pressure on the area until the bleeding stops. Even though you have first aid kit, ensure you call your Vet and also make sure you don’t use a tourniquet on the animal.

Veterinarian Petting Dog

In extreme cases where the pet stops breathing, then you may have to apply breathing directly into its nostrils; apply massage also on its heart alternatively with the breaths. This is important if observe heartbeat but no breathing.

Further, if the pet is vomiting or has diarrhea, you have to keep food away, but provide water so the pet doesn’t die from dehydration. You really don’t have to take care of this alone, take the animal to the Vet.

In the case of a poison, take note of the materials it swallowed, as well as the amount taken. This will give the Vet some clue as to what to do for your pet. Taking poisons does not call for vomiting, do not induce it.

May 20, 2013
Sally

Excessive Fishing – Why Overfishing is a Serious Problem

Fish serves as one of the world’s main source of food for many people around the world. They are packed with proteins and are great source of nutrients in a healthy diet. However, more and more fishes are being overfished all around the world, causing its population to drop significantly over the recent years.

Excessive fishing is caused when more fishes are caught than the amount that is required to reproduce its population. Fishing fleets that are used to catch fish are mostly two to three times larger than the sustainable amount the world’s oceans have. When this happens, there isn’t enough adult fish to reproduce, causing its number and supply to deplete substantially. If this is allowed to happen over an extended period of time, the ocean may be deprived of fish altogether for there isn’t enough fish to replenish the population.

 Fisherman emptying catch into fish pound on 20m trawler in North Sea, UK

Overfishing not only causes the fish population to drop, but it can also affect other marine life in the ocean. When fishing methods that are employed are dangerous to other marine life, it can cause a disruption in the balance of the ocean’s health.

Methods like bottom trawling is one of the most damaging methods to catch fish for the heavy net that is trawled along the bottom of the ocean floor can destroy other marine life, coral reefs and the ocean’s bed. Some of these marine systems will take a very long time to recover and in some cases like the coral reefs, they may not recover at all, leaving us with a barren sea.

Despite a huge demand on fishes in the market, there needs to be a controlled system in the amount of fish being caught. This needs to be implemented so that the entire fish population won’t disappear.

May 20, 2013
Sally

Why Melting Glaciers is Not a Good Sign?

Glaciers are amazing nature’s process and an even more spectacular sight to behold. Glaciers are made of compressed fallen snow, packed into thick masses of crystallized ice. Fallen snow packed on top of the other and under their own weight, glaciers can move and slide downwards towards lower area.

In recent years, glaciers have been melting faster than they usually do. Glaciers have always melted to a certain amount due to warmer weather like during summer. However, because of global warming and an increase of the average temperature, glaciers are melting rapidly and in some places have gone entirely. When warmer water melts glaciers faster than they can accumulate, there will be no more glaciers to replace the existing ones that are used as source of freshwater and electricity by some communities in the world.

climate-change

Why are glaciers so important? They are just thick sheets of ice moving slowly, aren’t they?

When glaciers melt, the water will flow from the streams and rivers and into the ocean. When this happens, the water level in the ocean will rise. Coastal areas will flood and homes will be destroyed. Farmlands that are situated at lower lands will also be flooded and the crops will be gone. This will disrupt our way of life and our source of living. When all the water flows into the ocean, the streams and river will dry up and the people who use water from these water sources will suffer from shortage of water supply.

Increase in global average temperature has caused dire consequences on glaciers. It’s a phenomenon that needs to be addressed before more serious problems occur.

May 13, 2013
Sally

Keeping Safe during Thunderstorm Conditions

We know how scary and intense thunderstorms can be when they come, especially during storms. They happen every now and then around the world – happening about 16 million times yearly, and lasting for about 30 minutes on the average.

In keeping yourself as well as your neighbors and family members safe during a thunderstorm, there are guidelines that should help you.

Usually, the first thing you have to do is to be updated on the happenings around your neighborhood. You can follow events online, by phone or by accessing what is happening outside by yourself. These days, a lot of severe weather conditions are monitored with accuracy, so you can follow the news for updates about the direction and movement of the storm.

lightning

Cover and secure all outdoor appliances, because debris can be as risky as electric shocks and lightning. Inside the home, stay away from windows and doors as well as electrical appliances as the storm passes. In fact it is best to have all of the electrical appliances unplugged from the sockets.

It is important to unplug electrical appliances because lightning can actually travel through the wires and cables. Also avoid the phones and leave sockets unplugged from electric current except where it is necessary.

These steps can help you avoid thunderstorms as they pass by your house. Sometimes they could last longer than normal, but you have to give a time frame of about 10 minutes after the storm before going out of your safe haven.

May 13, 2013
Sally

How Technology Can Facilitate Disaster Warnings

Imagine receiving an alert through your phone from the Environmental Agency of an impending flood, with the capacity to destroy the buildings in your neighbourhood. You get your family ready, and together with your community, you move to a safe location.

Now that is how mobile technology intends to provide aid and alert to coastline dwellers of natural disasters. The issues regarding flooding have led to the need for a radical improvement in the way floods and other natural disasters are forecast.

HUGE_LIGHTNING_BOLT_EMERGING_OUT_OF_FROM_A_TORNADO_Wallpaper_c95p8

People use their mobile devices more these days as a convenient source of information. The Nielsen research group showed that there has been an 85% rise in mobile app development, an 82% growth in mobile websites as well as a reduction of 4% in the use of the conventional personal computer.

This means that mobile apps can be used by people to get alerts to disaster-related information in their community. Research has also shown that the use of mobile apps has more than doubled. And recently, the Environmental Agency introduced the very first Facebook flood warning system. Thus they have made flood alerts a priority in this period full of unexpected and sudden environmental disasters.

Going by Moore’s law that suggests that the power of technology doubles every 18 months, it has become a sector that cannot be ignored. This is true especially in managing the continuous natural disasters that occur in our cities today. We really need to adopt this innovative mobile technology in protecting people and their homes from unexpected natural disasters.

May 5, 2013
Sally

Birds and their Fascinating Global Positioning Systems

You must have observed countless number of birds coming home for the summer. It is such a fascinating sight to see these creatures flying thousands of miles, and returning to the exact spot they had been some months ago – as though using some scientific GPS systems. It is inspiring how they are able to locate positions on the earth.

When birds fly in the atmosphere, there are no hindrances to their flight and the thin air minimizes the energy they use up. They also minimize spent energy by flying in ‘V’ formations, where the lead bird does the main work while others follow behind. Soon, this bird gets tired and another bird takes over from it. By working together, they are propelled faster and their energy is conserved.

With no maps, charts or navigation systems, birds probably use their senses as well as sounds or smell associated with the route. Younger birds will also rely on adult birds for direction, using their keen memory as aid.

bird1-6897b1ca6542e6545ad7aa33224c76dc0e91565a-s6-c10

Findings have figured out that birds use the sun, stars and the moon as navigational aids – just as ancient sailors used. It is also possible they have other internal mechanisms of navigation that help them precisely during their trans-continental flights.

It’s really stunning to see birds find their way back home, even when taken to places they have not been before; this is particularly interesting in the Homing pigeons.

Birds are truly amazing in their behavior and scientists are doing all they can to discover exactly on they achieve some of their navigational feats. Maybe then we can seek ways of applying what we learn from them in our scientific endeavor

May 5, 2013
Sally

The Ultimate Shark Experience

Do you think you can experience the adrenalin pump associated with deep diving the oceans to study sharks? Sharks are fascinating animals worth researching and studying and this is because of their unique behavior.

Sharks are usually found in coastal regions of the major oceans. Weighing as much as 4 tons and getting to 23 feet in length, they are known for their large sizes. They prey on whales, seals and dolphins. Sharks do not prey on humans, because their digestive system is slow to break down the large amounts of bones as well as fat and muscles in humans.

Humans die when they experience loss of blood from sharks’ bite, and not really from complete consumption or loss whole body parts.

great-white-shark-diving-11

However, these beautiful species are under threat from extinction in the oceans, and conservation work has increased in recent years to protect their species.

There are a number of organizations in the world that work in preserving sharks. These train volunteers in the research, conservation, behavior and biology of sharks, as well as providing shark tourism through ocean deep dives.

It is a privilege of a lifetime to enjoy observing the behavior deep inside water, getting information about their sex, markings and sizes of the sharks. With steel cages lowered into water, you will be surrounded by sharks while in the ocean and relish the presence of these large creatures.

This is one way of participating in conservation work that helps preserve the species of these special animals, while also getting quality wildlife education in the process.